The ketogenic diet (which is high in protein and low in carbohydrate) has been used for a very long time to treat seizures in people with refractory epilepsy. However no-one has been entirely clear as to why it may be able to help reduce the number and severity of seizures. Now new research suggests that the diet may influence the bacteria in the gut which in turn leads to seizure suppression. Moreover if the altered bacteria is removed from the stomach then the diet no longer protects against seizures. Also if the gut bacteria is removed and transplanted to another stomach, the recipient too is protected from seizures, even without adopting the ketogenic diet. If this research is replicated and confirmed in human studies then it offers the very real possibility of finding new therapies to treat epilepsy.  If you would like to read more about the research, please click here