“Many individuals are being treated for epilepsy who do not actually have this disorder”, so says Peter Crino, MD, PhD, Chair of the Department of Neurology at the University of Maryland School of Medicine.Psychogenic Non-Epileptic Seizures (PNES) are common and may account for up to 20% of people being treated for epilepsy. PNES are events of psychological origin, resembling an epileptic seizure, but without the characteristic electrical discharges associated with epilepsy.  Because it is often hard to distinguish between the symptoms of epilepsy and PNES some people who don’t have epilepsy will be receiving potent antiepileptic medication unnecessarily, whilst others (who do have epilepsy) wait a long time  to begin treatment.Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania decided to address this issue and have recently presented their findings suggesting that a bio-marker based blood test may be able to distinguish between epilepsy and PNES. To read more, please use the link here: