Recent research findings have suggested that although one of the causes of epilepsy is a dysfunction in the brain’s neurons leading to increased electrical activity in the brain that temporarily affect how it works, another possible cause may be leakage in the blood brain barrier which could lead to seizures.The blood brain barrier typically lets nutrients into the brain and keeps ‘poisons’ out. The theory is that seizures cause the blood brain barrier to leak and the leakage itself can then cause increased seizures. Research found that the neurotransmitter glutamate which is released during epileptic seizures increased the activity of a number of enzymes which were shown to increase leakage in the blood brain barrier. This raises the possibility that there may be a way of stopping this ‘leakage’ by targeting the enzymes themselves.You can read more about this promising research here: